Twitter happens to be one of the most used and popular social media application used in the world, Nigeria inclusive. Daily, there is always a new trend or top trend on twitter, it could be politics, entertainment, sport or whatever catches the fancy of its users. For today the trend on twitter happens to be politics and issues about the state of unrest in Nigeria, I will be giving you first hand information on the trends today and they include;

“Service Chiefs” happens to be trending because of a post by “Bashir Ahmad” concerning the president meeting with the vice president, inspector general of police, service chiefs and many more.

“Adamu Garba”

“Oba of lagos” the oba of lagos palace was recently stormed by angry youths who chased the oba of lagos out of his palace, and have taken over his home. The have taken his staff of authority and are allegedly living their best lives in his home .The angry youths reported that the allegedly found some of the ”Covid-19 palliative” meant for the people in the “oba’s” palace.

#Buhariisdead, this is trending because of the president’s refusal to address his people and country. So Nigerians has taken to twitter using sarcasm to show their displeasure, saying a president that won’t address his people is dead to them.

“Adamu Garba” has been trending ever since he threatened to sue Jack the owner of twitter and actually went ahead to do so. He has also been trying to get the court to stop the use of twitter in Nigeria. He sued Jack for 1 billion for damages.

“where is buhari” this is the second trend on twitter, with Nigerians asking where is their president, why hasn’t he addressed his people, his country, the youths of the country and most importantly why won’t he address his people. They are saying in a critical time of unrest like now, with the Endsars protesters, lekki massacre why has there been no direct word from him.

Also on the trend today we have “Tompolo”. “Tompolo” happens to be a militant commander with the Niger delta militants who has been in hiding for the past 6 years. There has been rumours of the Niger Delts Militants threatening war if the government doesn’t give heed to the plea of the protesters , and now a new video of “Tompolo” for the first time in 6 years surfaces online. For this the name ”Tompolo” is one of todays trend with tweeters trying to find a reason for his sudden appearance.

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What do you think about these trends leave a comment let me hear your views, leave a comment let’s talk.

In the aftermath of the deaths of innocents at the Lekki toll gate, the #EndSARS protests continue to drag on across the country, even in the face of curfews enforced in various states. The past few days have shown that the safety of the lives of those protesting on the streets is not guaranteed – not even by those expected to defend them.

As we saw from social media reports at the Lekki toll gate, some protesters were unfortunately on the receiving end of gunfire from soldiers stationed at the Lekki Toll Gate, with several dying on the street, and others giving up the ghost later. Some others were fortunate enough to receive subsequent medical attention.

This sad incident just goes to show the danger faced by the protesters, who want nothing more than to ensure that they achieve the objective of the #EndSARS struggle; that their collective voice is heard. It’s a struggle that has already seen some pay needlessly – unlike these youths – with their lives.

Whether intentional or not, whether within a crowd, or isolated, whether it was a stray bullet or not, some youths have had to make the ultimate sacrifice – whether they were prepared to or not.

Who knows whether you reading this article might see someone get hit by a bullet, as you join thousands of youths in support of the #EndSARS movement?

We do pray and hope that that doesn’t happen; but again, we can never know. Those youths who have died in Ogbomosho and in other areas, did not have the slightest idea that the day they died would be their last.

Those who lost their lives among the protesters at the Lekki toll gate had no premonition that that fateful night would be their last on this earth. And even for those not in the midst of protesters in crowded areas, it’s not like their chances are much better.

If someone had told Jimoh Isiaq that he would be slain by a stray bullet, far away from any crowds, it’s doubtful whether he would have believed the person. But he did get slain by a stray bullet.

So, the possibility of death at this time, especially by a stray bullet, is as real as it gets, and the likelihood of getting shot especially in crowds only increases.

A bullet may or may not hit you, but it may hit someone close to you; and in some cases, the victim may not die immediately. The bullet may not be what kills the person. Other factors come into play, like loss of blood.

Don’t be deceived by what you see in the movies or on TV shows; even if the bullet does not hit any vital organs, a single shot in the leg or arm is enough to make the victim bleed to death.

Before first aid arrives, here’s how you can help a victim of a gunshot wound:

–  Don’t pull out the bullet. It now acts as a plug inside the body of the victim; so, any haphazard attempt to pull out the bullet in the victim’s body may lead to more loss of blood, which could result in death for the victim.

–  You first need to try and stop the bleeding. Apply manual pressure on the wound to prevent more blood loss; use your hands, cloth, etc. and press directly against the wound.

–  Look for any exit wounds (of the bullet), as well as entry wounds, in the victim’s body, and apply pressure there try to stop the bleeding.

–  Don’t give the victim water, even if the wounded person cries out for it. The reason is because the victim is being sustained by the blood in their body, which they are losing at that point; water causes dilution of the blood, and the victim could lose consciousness and die on the spot.

–  Don’t move the victim yet, in case the bullet hit vital areas in the stomach or other essential internal organs in their body, before first aid arrives.

– Try to ensure the victim remains conscious. Reassure them, tell them they’ll be okay, assure them that help is on the way. Encourage them verbally to fight for their life. If you don’t challenge them to stay strong, they may not challenge themselves.

These youths you see here, as shown during the visit of the Lagos State governor to the hospital where they being treated, are not in the best of shape; but at least they were more fortunate to make it in time to the hospital than those who were alive in the morning with them, but sadly, were gone by nightfall.

At least they survived the horrors of the slaughter at the Lekki toll gate, and are alive like the rest of us. They owe their lives to the people who were on ground to ensure that they remained alive until help came for them. Others were not so lucky.

In the event that someone close to you gets shot, take these steps to increase their chances of survival, so that, like these youths who survived, they may survive too.

This struggle will be continued only by those that fight and run away, so that they live to fight another day. If the possibility of being hit by a bullet increases, endeavor to preserve your life so that you can continue with the Struggle.

Dead Men don’t fight!

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The Proprietor of Top Faith Schools, Dr Emmanuel Abraham has intimated the Minister of Niger Delta Affairs, Senator Godswill Akpabio on his plan to establish Top Faith University in Essien Udim Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

At a presentation of the prototype of the institution to Senator Akpabio in his office in Abuja, Dr Abraham said the proposed Institution had fulfilled most of the requirements and was awaiting the nod of the National Universities Commission.

A visibly elated Senator Akpabio said it was a special honour to him, that Dr Abraham came personally to update him on the proposed University in his Local Government Area considering his passion and love for education.

Senator Akpabio thanked Dr Abraham for leaving his previous job as a banker of note to serve the people through establishment of educational institutions.

According to Senator Akpabio, “today from nursery school to primary school, to secondary school, all the way down to the university, you have left your mark and this is what you are putting up now. This is amazing coming from an individual. This is not state government, this is not Federal government. It comes from the sweat of one individual. This is ingenuity in all ramifications,” he said.

Senator Akpabio prayed God to continue to keep Dr Abraham and strengthen him. “God will grant you and your family peace that passes all understanding and continue to endow you with the wisdom to serve humanity.

“On our part I assure you that whenever we find ourselves, we will continue to assist, we will continue to impact, we will ontinue to stand by you because you are not doing this for yourself, you are not doing it for your children, you are doing it for future Nigerians. I think you are one of those that should be honoured in this country and God has already honoured you.

“Thank you for this honour, I will definitely come and inspect the schools by myself. I have been to the secondary school but now the proposed university that is almost coming on stream with staff quarters, laboratories and everything to make for a complete institution.

“With this kind of structures that we are looking at now, this is definitely second to none and I think this will compete with any university in Nigeria or any university in the world.

Thank you for bringing the world to Essien Udim Local Government Area in Akwa Ibom State and taking us back into the comity of nations educationally. Thank you our great proprietor. May you live long in good health in Jesus name,” Senator Akpabio said.

One of the major problem of a car engine is a knock. When this happens, your engine with smooth running sound begins to tap as you accelerate your car vehicle.

This is an obvious sign of “engine knock” but there is more to it than a tapping sound. Car Knocks are caused by a variety of individual errors in the car engine which also comes with it’s unique sound. Getting to know the origin of the knocking sound on the car can be tricky, however, these are the major five (5) causes of car Knocks.

Low Octane

When your car engine is smooth and sound in operation, air/fuel ratio gradually burns in a single detonating compartment of a cylinder. When this happens in more than one location per time, a detonating knock sound is given out. This is because the Air/fuel ratio ignite and collide with each other before the schedule time.

So, if your car Octane ratio is high with respect to it’s performance, try and maintain that standard by going for fuel with high Octane rating. This will ensure uniformity and fight engine knocks.

Fuel and lean air mixture

This is caused by issues with fuel pump, oxygen sensors and air sensors. When this happens, the car system lacks fuel but has excess of air. Ultimately, knocking sound will pop out when fuel is not enough to boost the mixture reaction.

Rod knock

When your car is in motion, it’s piston travels to and fro in the engine, this motion will rotate the crankshaft which powers the wheels. However, when the rod bearing (which is responsible for the bearing smooth movement) worns out, this causes knock sound. 

The solution requires new bearing and work on the crankshaft and piston.

Bad timing

When your engine accelerates, the spark plugs will fire. If it’s fires irregulary or abnormally, a Knock sound will be heard.

Failing knock sensor

When your knock sensor – a tool made to report knock sounds to the engine control unit fails to perform, this will produce knocks. Always check it as it is part of car diagnostic test. 

Note: it is not common in modern cars since timing and Air/fuel ratio is automatically controlled.

File photo: Minister of Education, Adamu Adamu

The Federal Government has ordered unity schools in the country,  earlier closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, to reopen on October 12th, 2020. 

Nigeria’s Minister of Education, Adamu Adamu, announced the reopening of the learning centres on Friday in Abuja, explaining that the COVID-19 curve has been flattened.

According to the Minister, schools across the country, are, however at liberty to fix resumption dates and ensure that there are adequate safety measures while doing so.

Mr Adamu equally warned that schools who fail to adhere to outlined COVID-19 safety protocols, risk closure if there is any outbreak from such learning facilities

Students of Covenant University took to Twitter to claim the school’s management refused to perform Covid-19 tests on them but chose instead to perform pregnancy and drug tests.

The students claimed that a member of staff told them they don’t have to worry about being infected with Coronavirus because “Papa”, their General Overseer, is praying for them.

They added that they were left in the rain for hours as the “pregnancy and drug tests” were carried out and their luggage and provisions were soaked.

@booghy_ tweeted: “COVENANT UNIVERSITY IS NOT DOING COVID-19 TEST FOR STUDENTS! THEY LIED TO OUR PARENTS. THEY ARE ONLY DOING PREGNANCY AND DRUG TEST! I RESUMED TODAY AND ALL THEY DID WAS TAKE MY URINE AND BLOOD SAMPLE. @OGSGOfficial PLEASE HELP! I AM SCARED TO MY WITS! RETWEET WHEN YOU SEE THIS.

“They brought out only 2 canopies to search and test us. We were so many! Rain fell and they left us under the rain. Our provisions were destroyed and our luggages soaked to the last.

“One of the staffs even said that if any of us is infected, that we should not worry that papa is praying. That we should forget COVID-19.

“And to top it all, in the hostels, we are FOUR in a room! FOUR! No difference from every other semester before COVID-19.”

When asked for proof, other students shared a video of students waiting in the rain with their luggage but they had no concrete proof that pregnancy and drug tests, instead of COVID-19 tests, were carried out. Their only proof was that their blood and urine samples were taken, instead of a swab up their nose.

The Vice Chancellor University of Uyo, Nigeria, Prof.Eniefiok Essien SAN, has promoted 20 Professors and 35 Associate Professors with their resounding success in the academic world.

Essien made this known during the Senate meeting held on Monday, 29th September 2020. The newly promoted professors include; Prof. Mojisola Eseyin(Faculty of Law), Prof. Eniesua Essiet(Nuclear& Radiation Physics), Prof. Elijah John(Philosophy), Prof.Uwem Udok(Law), Prof. Sylvester Eka(History), Prof.Felicia Ekpu (Physical &Health Education), Prof. Godfrey Akpabio(Physics), Prof. Emmanuel Ejere (Political Science), Prof. Godwin Umoh(Economics) and Prof. Dorathy Umotan(Law).

Other 35 Associate Professors promoted equates the number to 55 academic staff captured in a recent promotion. This is one of the highest in the varsity’s history.

The vice chancellor while addressing the body commend and congratulated the newly promoted academian admonishing them not to relent in their efforts to uplift the University to a greater height. ‘UNIUYO is a brand let’s build and protect’ said Essien.

image-7.png
The PlayStation 5 now has a price and release date.  Sony

Ready for the PlayStation 5? You can now preorder the new console “at select retailers” for $500 (£450, AU$750) for the Blu-ray equipped version — or $400 (£360, AU$600) for the digital-only PS5. Both consoles will ship on Nov. 12 in the US, with online preorders at some major retailers including Walmart, Best Buy, GameStop and Target already starting (and selling out quickly).

Wednesday’s reveal finally gives a firm price and release date for Sony’s next PlayStation beyond the vague “holiday 2020” time frame the company previously used when describing its upcoming system. Sony initially said preorders would begin Thursday before retailers decided to go ahead a day early.

Microsoft beat Sony to the plate, announcing the rival Xbox Series X and Series S earlier this month. The Xbox Series X and Series S will arrive on Nov. 10 for $500 and $300 respectively.

While Sony’s said the disc-less PS5 will have the same chips and performance of its Blu-ray-equipped cousin, Microsoft’s Xbox Series S is designed as a less powerful sibling of the Series X.

In addition to the console price and release date, Sony also detailed pricing for accessories, including $70 for a standalone DualSense wireless controller and $100 for its Pulse 3D wireless headset. Launch title pricing for the PS5 will range from $50 to $70, depending on the game. 



Sony reveals PS5 price and release date

The pricing caps a long series of announcements from Sony and Microsoft, during which the companies drip-fed information about their competing consoles throughout the year. They chose this approach in part to highlight the new technology in their respective devices, promising faster load times, more detailed environments and more immersive audio.

As the companies discussed their devices, they also showed their different approaches to what they see as the future of gaming. Sony has gone a traditional route, discussing how its new games will be specially tuned for the new hardware, and encouraging gamers to buy the new device to get these new experiences. Microsoft, meanwhile, focused on compatibility, promising many of its games would play on its new Xbox devices, and older ones too.

The pricing news is the latest in a busy summer for Sony. At its virtual event in June, the company showed off its new consoles’ white and blue designs, as well as providing a first look at a host of new games including Spider-Man: Miles Morales, Gran Turismo 7 and Horizon Forbidden West. 

Spider-Man: Miles Morales will be a launch title for the PS5, starting at $50 for the standard edition or $70 for an “ultimate” edition that also includes a remastered copy of the original PS4 Spider-Man game as well as its add-on DLC. 

Sony also used the event Wednesday to announce PlayStation Plus Collection, a library of hit PS4 games such as God of War and Uncharted 4: A Thief’s End. The games will be made available to subscribers of its $9.99 per month PlayStation Plus gaming service, offering more than 100 games. Sony didn’t previously offer a direct competitor to Microsoft’s $14.99 per month Xbox Games Pass Ultimate subscription, which offers access to many of the games in its library on console and PC, as well as the ability to stream many of those titles too.

Specs for the PS5 include custom AMD CPUs and GPUs capable of outputting graphics at 8K resolution or at 4K and 120fps, as well 16GB of GDDR6 RAM and 825GB of high-performance solid-state storage that should enable significantly faster load times. 

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  • PS5 release date: 12th November in the US, Japan, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea; 19th November in the UK and rest of the world
  • PS5 price: the PS5 Digital Edition price is £360 (€400, $400, AU$599) and the full-fat PS5 with disc drive will cost £450 (€500, $500, AU$750)

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The PS5 console itself has now been revealed. In fact, make that consoles, because there are actually two versions of the PS5 on the way: one with an optical disc drive and a ‘Digital Edition’ that does without – and both will feature a dashboard that’s had a “100 per cent overhaul” from the user interface on the PS4. 

Like the already-revealed ‘DualSense’ controller, the PS5 consoles are exceptionally stylish. In fact, we’d argue that this could be the most strikingly sculpted games machine ever created. For once, the myriad fanboy-created concepts were too conservative.

Nigeria’s desire to achieve hub status for some of its international airport terminals   is gaining ground. Over the years, the government has continued to invest in modern infrastructure that will make travels less cumbersome.

The drive to make the terminals an hub has engaged the attention of successive administrations, resulting in the upgrade of some. Besides, experts said the collaboration between the Federal Government and the Lagos State Government in providing intermodal facilities, including a light rail project, would go a long way in driving the hub ambition for the airports.

To achieve such status, the government a few years ago started the implementation of the Aviation Sector Roadmap, part of which is the construction of a light rail at the Lagos Airport linking the three terminals to facilitatemovement within and around the airport.

Recently, the Lagos State and the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) engaged in strategic discussions aimed at developing  infrastructure at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA), Lagos.

Specifically, the deal was to build an inter-modal rail system that would link the domestic wing with the international wing.

FAAN Managing Director Captain Rabiu Hamisu Yadudu said the agency had invested massively in airport terminals’ upgrade of airports.

“We have had discussions on  strategic plan for infrastructure at many of the airports considered viable. We have met Lagos State on strategic  discussions on infrastructure. We want rail to go through the local wing of the Lagos airport to the international wing and link the city with the airport much later when the project comes on stream.

“Inter-modality is the use of several transport modes in one trip when the transport modes are coordinated.

“There are indications that the airport authority wants to emulate the massive rail transport system in Abuja which would make passengers commuting easier,’’ he said.

He categorised infrastructure at an airport into two – airside and landside infrastructure and that airside infrastructure accommodates and facilitates the movement of aircraft around the airport and includes facilities like aircraft parking aprons, taxiways, airfield lights and signs, navigational and visual aids, runways and others.

Landside infrastructure, he said, include access roads, parking lots, garages, aviation and non-aviation related businesses, support and terminal buildings.

FAAN  has sought the assistance of the Lagos State Government to remove hurdles to enable it construct a light rail project linking the three terminals at the MMIA, Ikeja.

He listed the hurdles to include the relocation of a Mechanic Village along the Oshodi/Airport Road; incursion into the Right of Way on the rail corridor and development on FAAN land around the airport.

Only last month, the Federal Government announced plans to engage  a reputable Transaction Adviser (TA) to develop a light rail to link the terminals at the MMIA in line with  the Public Procurement Act.

The private sector concessionaire selected for the project, it was learnt, is expected to abide by the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC) Establishment Act and the National Policy on Public-Private Partnership (PPP).

The experts, who included the Chief Executive Officer, Belujane Konsults, Mr. Chris Aligbe; Chief Executive Officer, African Aviation Services Limited, Mr. Nick Fadugba; Chairman,  Airline Operators of Nigeria (AON), Captain Meggison, said the airports’ upgrade was not sufficient, adding that there was the need for strong carriers.

Also, they said the government needs deliver modern airports with transit facilities for passengers to connect flight from one corner of the world to another.

Part of the mesures, they said, include facilitation of passengers by border control agencies, including the Nigeria Immigration Services (NIS).

Aligbe identified the absence of strong indigenous carriers as one of the reasons Nigeria has unable to develop hubs.

He said though Nigeria is blessed with with a good geographical location, it is not enough to make it an hub as this development goes beyond geography encompassing strong carriers to distribute passengers.

He said other African countries used their carriers to develop their airport into strong hubs for the distribution of passengers on the airline network they belong to.

Meggison said airlines have a major role to play in developing hubs.

He cited the Ethiopian Airlines which played a major role in making Addis Ababa a strong hub in the Horn of Africa region.

He said Kenyan Airways has also assisted in developing Nairobi into a strong  hub for East Africa.

Egypt Air, he said, has developed a hub around Cairo just as South African Airways has also developed a hub  for Johannesburg.

He said: “But a country needs more than the advantage of geographical location to become a hub.

“Now, if you take geographical advantages into account, Nigeria ought to be a hub. But then what really determines a hub is the quality and the capacity of the major carrier in that country.

“It is not the population, it is not even the strategic location as it were. KLM is from Netherlands. How many people are in Netherlands? How many  KLM passengers are going to Netherlands? But because the country has a very big carrier that has wide network, the airline has made Amsterdam a hub.”

He said  Nigeria could become a hub if it had strong airlines that could distribute passengers from Europe, Americas, Asia and other destinations outside the continent to various parts of Africa.

“Nigeria can become a hub if it has two or three airlines that are very strong. Even if one is not strong enough, but an airline  that can create a feeder network for passengers  to different parts of the continent.

“Ethiopia is not strategically located  as it were, but because they have a very strong carrier, Addis Ababa has become a hub. So, it is the airline or the airlines that make a hub. For Lagos to become a hub, besides the facilities that will enable it to become a hub, like good airport, modern transportation facilities, the airline must be big enough to have network of routes and feed other airlines.”

Despite its huge population,  Fadugba said Nigeria  lacks terminals that can accelerate seamless transit for passengers on domestic; regional and international flights.

He said besides facilities for passengers’ transit; Nigerian carriers are not strong enough to attract global partnership to offer passengers reliable services on routes beyond point-to-point.

Being a point-to-point carrier, Fadugba said was no longer fashionable among global carriers.

In an interview in Lagos, Fadugba said the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos and the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja were yet to qualify as hubs for West Africa because they do not command the kind of facilities that would attract global carriers as transit terminals to connect passengers to any where in the world.

Fadugba said global carriers are attracted to airports with modern facilities where turn around time is swift; services are reliable; airlines could refuel and enjoy economies of scale.

He said the weak status of many Nigerian carriers with limited aircraft fleet; unreliable schedules and lack of capacity to share interline and codeshare agreements with global carriers continue to undermine the drive for hub status for its airports.

Fadugba said airports in Accra, Cairo, Casablanca, Dakar, Addis Ababa, Nairobi and Johannesburg have developed modern infrastructure and processes to attract global legacy carriers with intimidating aircraft fleet and network; Nigerian airports needed to be reworked to accommodate attractive hub facilities.

He said: “Nigerian airports still have a long way to go to become significant hubs in Africa ; because they have inadequate facilities that will facilitate seamless passengers’ transit.

“The government needs to tear down and build a modern terminal at Lagos Airport with at least three runways that will facilitate seamless connectivity.

“The government needs to urgently look at land facilities at the Abuja Airport and at least build two runways for easy connectivity.

“Developing an airport hub is not by accident but through careful planning and strategy. To achieve this, the government should look at airport size, and the readiness of the airspace to accommodate the exponential traffic that it will trigger if modern facilities are put in place.

“This is what other countries have done by empowering their airlines; modernising their fleet; securing operational agreements and partnership to position them as catalyst for economic development.”

He  said: “And we do not have any airline to cut on, put together all the airlines we have if we tell them to come together to form one airline, they are still not large enough to contend with South African Airways, Kenya Airways or Ethiopian Airlines.”

Iboro | September 14, 2020

Bermuda Triangle, section of the North Atlantic Oceanoff North America in which more than 50 ships and 20 airplanes are said to have mysteriously disappeared. The area, whose boundaries are not universally agreed upon, has a vaguely triangular shape marked by the Atlantic coast of the Florida panhandle (in the United States), Bermuda, and the Greater Antilles.

The Bermuda Triangle is located in an area of the Atlantic Ocean where storms from multiple directions can converge, making rogue waves more likely to occur.

There is no evidence that mysterious disappearances occur with any greater frequency in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other large, well-traveled area of the ocean,” and boaters and fliers continue to venture through the triangle without event.

The Bermuda Triangle sits right in the heart of hurricane alley, which likely leads to many of the triangle’s disappearances.

Vanished without a trace: Inside the myths and mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle
Flight 19 potraits
Portrait of legendary Lost Squadron & plane “Flight 19” that supposedly vanished into Bermuda Triangle shortly after WWII. 
  • The Bermuda Triangle, a stretch of the Atlantic Ocean running between Puerto Rico, Bermuda, and Miami has been credited with the deaths and disappearances of over 8,000 lives since the mid-19th century.
  • Though the exact number is not known, at least 50 ships and 20 airplanes have disappeared in the Triangle — often without a trace.
  • The Bermuda Triangle has become the subject of endless legends, myths, and conspiracies. We’re breaking down some of the biggest ones.

Some have called it The Devil’s Triangle.

Others have referred to it as Limbo of the Lost or the Hoodoo Sea. But to most, it is the Bermuda Triangle, a stretch of water in the Atlantic Ocean known to swallow ships and vanish planes. 

For centuries the Bermuda Triangle has been mystified as a harrowing patch of ocean, where sailors and pilots are prone to lose contact with the natural world and disappear forever.

Though the US government does not recognize the Bermuda Triangle as an actual geographic location or threat, its legends have long painted a picture of death, mystery, and fear.

We’re breaking down the history of the Triangle and some of its most notorious tales: 

Bermuda, and the long stretch of sea before it, has been turned to myth for centuries. Some even believe that William Shakespeare’s play “The Tempest” is based on tales of sorcery and shipwreck in the area.

The Tempest ship
Admiral Somers runs his ship ashore, Bermuda, 1609 (c1880). Admiral Sir Geirge Somers (1554-1610) was the founder of the English colony of Bermuda, and stories of his shipwreck are said to have inspired Shakespeare’s play ‘The Tempest’ 

Source: History.com

When Christopher Columbus passed through the Bermuda Triangle on his first voyage to the new world, he recorded that a bursting flame of fire struck the sea and caused a strange light to appear in the distance a few weeks later.

Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus. 

Source: History.comThe New York Times

In 1881, legend has it that the Ellen Austin, a ship sailing from Liverpool to New York, encountered a “ghost ship” in the Bermuda Triangle — and things quickly went awry.

foggy ship
Image of a foggy ship at sea. 

When the Ellen Austin approached the foggy waters of the Sargasso Sea — an area of the Atlantic Ocean that overlaps with the Bermuda Triangle — the crew encountered a fully stocked, abandoned ship. 

Seeing this as an opportunity to seize valuable cargo, they sent some of their men in to occupy the ship and sail the remaining journey side by side. But a wicked storm quickly separated the two ships, and when they were reunited the next day, there wasn’t a trace of the crew in sight.

The ship was once more abandoned but left packed with valuable resources, so the captain of the Ellen Austin tried boarding it again. But when crew members got aboard for the second time, a thick and blinding fog rolled in and separated the ships. When the fog finally cleared, the “ghost” ship had completely vanished, according to stories recounted in contemporary newspapers.

In 1895, Joshua Slocum, the first man to sail solo around the world, vanished on a voyage from Martha’s Vineyard to South America.
Joshua Slocum
Poster advertising the novel “Sailing Alone Around the World” by Captain Joshua Slocum, 1903. 

Slocum should have never been lost at sea — he was known as a fantastic sailor — and his unexpected disappearance has since been attributed to Bermuda Triangle.

Source: History.com

In 1918, the US Navy’s largest and fastest fuel ship, the USS Cyclops, disappeared en route from the Caribbean to Baltimore with 309 crew members and didn’t leave a single trace of what had happened.
USS Cyclops
The USS Cyclops which disappeared in Bermuda when it came back from a trip to Brazil in march 1918 

Though fully equipped with distress equipment and signals, the USS Cyclops gave no warning that something dangerous was happening at sea. The legendary ship, which once delivered aid during WWI and carried thousands of tons of manganese ore, had simply vanished without a trace.

Theories of mutiny, storms, poison, and torpedoes began to circulate, but none of it made much sense. If there was a wreck, where was the debris? Why was there no distress call? How could it have been captured when it lacked the fuel to travel very far?

Instead, people turned their minds to mysterious beasts, such as the giant squid, and the treacherous workings of the Bermuda Triangle, according to the Washington Post.

“There has been no more baffling mystery in the annals of the Navy than the disappearance last March of the U.S.S. Cyclops,” Navy Secretary Josephus Daniels wrote in 1919

In 1941, a Navy ship called the USS Proteus was carrying 58 passengers and a cargo of ore from St. Thomas to the East Coast when it suddenly vanished in the Bermuda Triangle. One month later, its sister ship, The USS Nereus, disappeared with 61 people along the same route.
The USS Proteus
The USS Proteus. 

Source: Live Science

In 1945, the legend of the Bermuda triangle began to take hold even more when five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers took off from a naval base in Ft. Lauderdale, Fl. and vanished in the Atlantic Ocean before completing their mission.
Flight 19
The model of American Navy Avenger planes, torpedo-bombers that disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle 

“Flight 19” was scheduled to complete a three-hour exercise which entailed heading east to conduct bombing runs, then flying over Grand Bahama Island, and eventually pivoting southwest to return home. 

But along the way, the flight’s leader Lieutenant Charles C. Taylor became paranoid when his compass failed and he believed that the planes were moving in the wrong direction. He instructed his fleet to fly northeast — thinking he was heading toward Florida, but really just traveling deeper into the Atlantic. 

As the planes reached closer toward the Bermuda triangle, their signals began fading, according to the History channel. Eventually, all communication was cut and the planes were never seen again.

The last thing recorded in the communications by Flight 19 passengers were eerie reports on their location: “Everything looks strange, even the ocean,” said one pilot.
Flight 19 potraits
Portrait of legendary Lost Squadron & plane “Flight 19” that supposedly vanished into Bermuda Triangle shortly after WWII. 

And then he said: “It looks like we are entering white water…we’re completely lost.”

The disappearance of Flight 19 was so baffling that the official Navy report said it was “as if they had flown to Mars.”

Sources: Naval History and Heritage CommandLive Science

In 1948, a DC-3 commercial flight vanished over the Triangle with 29 passengers and two crew members headed toward Miami.
DC 3 flight
DC-3 aircraft, 1937. 

50 miles before reaching the city, the plane’s captain, Robert Lindquist, radioed the Miami Airport for landing instructions.

But the radio was met with silence, and the plane was never seen again.

Source: ABC News

That same year, a British Avro Tudor plane dubbed “Star Tiger” vanished in the Bermuda Triangle without a trace.

British Avro Tudor plane
1948, British Avro Tudor Plane. 

Twenty-five passengers and six crew members were on board, and no wreckage or information was ever found.

According to BBC News, the official report concluded that “What happened in this case will never be known and the fate of Star Tiger must remain an unsolved mystery.”

One year later, in 1949, a G-AGRE plane dubbed “Star Ariel” departed from Bermuda to Kingston, Jamaica. But the flight suddenly lost communications when it switched over to Kingston frequency above the Bermuda triangle. Though the weather was clear and the flight appeared to be on track, it was never seen or heard from again.
Kingston Jamaica city port
Kingston Jamaica city port at sunrise. 

Source: Aviation Safety Network 

In 1963, the SS Marine Sulphur Queen, a large tanker ship carrying 39 passengers and molten sulfur, was last seen near the southern coast of Florida. After more than two weeks of looking, the rescue team only found a few pieces of debris and life preservers.
SS Marine Sulphur Queen
Two life preservers and a foghorn with the name “S.S. Marine Sulphur Queen” painted on them are examined by Coast Guardsmen here. 

Source: ABC News

The phrase “Bermuda triangle” was officially coined by Vincent Gaddis in a 1964 pulp magazine article titled “The Deadly Bermuda Triangle.”
bermuda triangle
The triangle in question. 

In his story, Gaddis outlined several mysteries of the Triangle, heightening the theory that this stretch of ocean is a treacherous zone.

Source: The New York TimesHistory.com

In 1967, the people on the 590-foot cargo ship Sylvia L. Ossa became victims of the Triangle’s mysteries when the ship suddenly disappeared with 37 people on board. Though debris including life preserver and a lifeboat was found, the ship itself was never again detected.
Sylvia L Ossa
The Coast Guard is still searching for the Panamanian cargo ship “Sylvia L. Ossa” in the infamous Bermuda Triangle where it was reported mission with 37 crewmen. 

Sources: ABC NewsThe New York Times

In 1978, an experienced pilot named Irving Rivers departed from the US Virgin Islands on a solo flight to pick up passengers in St. Thomas. The weather was calm and Rivers was just one mile from landing when his signal lights suddenly disappeared from the radar. A search team was sent to look for him, but the plane was never found.
View of St. thomas island
View of St. Thomas Island, where passengers awaited a plane that would never come. 

Source: How Stuff Works

In 1984, a Cessna plane departing from Fort Lauderdale, and en route to an island in the Bahamas, completely vanished from radar signals before dropping down into the ocean. There were no radio signals issued, and though one woman claimed to have seen the plane plunge into the water, no wreckage was ever found.
A 1984 Cessna plane
A 1984 Cessna plane. 

Source: How Stuff Works

Theories about the Bermuda Triangle have been rampant for decades. Some suggest the Triangle’s mysteries are a result of alien activity. Others believe it’s the powerful workings of the mythical underwater city Atlantis.

3D image of atlantis
3D illustration inspired by the legend of the lost city of Atlantis, underwater city, rendering 

Source: History.com

But Bermuda Triangle stories have been proven to be more fiction than fact. The US government has never recognized this area of ocean as an actual, threatening location, and there is no evidence to suggest that disappearances occur with any more frequency in the Triangle than in other large stretches of ocean.

Ariel view of Bermuda
Aerial View of the Island of Bermuda. 

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association

Scientists have attributed these many disappearances to rapid and severe weather changes, shallow waters, and methane gas eruptions in the seafloor.

Bermuda Hurricane
Hurricane churning in the waters near the Bermuda Triangle. 

Sources: Business InsiderNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

On January 31, 2020, the wreckage of the SS Cotopaxi was found off the coast of Florida.
Science Channel bermuda
Researchers diving to discover more about the wreckage of the SS Cotopaxi, which disappeared nearly 100 years ago. 

Many had believed that the ship initially disappeared in 1925 because of mysterious reasons related to the Bermuda Triangle. Its discovery finally put those theories to rest.

Whether for natural, or unnatural reasons, the Triangle is well known to be home for extremely violent and unexpected storms which seem to form literally from out of nowhere.

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Sorce: Business Insider